自主作者 Independent Auteurs

戰後的魁北克於保守政黨的統治下開始出現反動,默默揭開「寂靜革命」的序幕,影響無遠弗屆。社會逐步開放亦讓魁北克電影人開始建立作者特色,除了參與創立直接電影,還多以寫實為主的創作風格拍出不少重要作品,用以反映當時社會腐敗的情況,同時也展現出對殖民意識、身份危機的覺醒。

Rebellion in post-war Quebec against the conservative regime unveiled silently the influential Quiet Revolution. The gradual liberation of society cultivated generation of Quebecois filmmakers to become auteurs. In addition to participating in the establishment of direct cinema, they made a lot of important films in the style of realism. Not only did these works reflect the social deterioration at the time, they also sparked colonial consciousness and identity crisis.

政治抗爭 Political Resistance

魁北克為了捍衛本土法語及文化,政治糾紛從未間斷。以加拿大國家電影局為首的官方團體,賦予魁北克電影導演不少自由,大膽資助不少從抗爭民眾角度出發的政治議題電影。幾個重大的政治事件包括「十月危機」、兩次的獨立公投,都孕育了形式獨特、批判凌厲的出色作品。

For the sake of defending its local language and culture, Quebec has long been a sphere of political conflicts. Led by the National Film Board of Canada, film authorities granted Quebecois directors creative freedom by funding their films on political issues from the perspectives of protesters. Significant political events in Quebec such as the October Crisis and the two independence referendums inspired different remarkable works with unique forms and acute criticism.

世俗與傳統 Secularisation and Tradition

八十年代魁北克跟隨世界潮流,經過世俗化和現代化的洗禮,開始與傳統文化出現鴻溝,尤以美國資本文化入侵,以及天主教權力大幅削弱最為明顯。魁北克的獨立電影再度與世界影壇接軌,其中以丹尼阿肯最為成功,將魁北克推廣得更遠。

Drifting with the global tide in the 1980s, the Quebecois society yawned a vast chasm away from the traditional culture under the influence of secularisation and modernisation. The invasion of American capitalism and the sharp decline of Catholic power were the most obvious. Quebecois independent films once again connected with world cinema, among which Denys Arcand was the most successful film directors gets Quebec a wider, more global audience.

理想破落 Disillusionment

踏入千禧時代,年青的獨立導演自主的特性仍沒有減退,但因生活已漸趨富裕穩定,偶爾面對社會的動蕩,他們會更勇於嘗試及實驗不同形式,強調自身角度,只是猛然發現世界並不如想像般美好,自身所控制的與期待有落差,不免理想破落。

Entering the millennium, young independent filmmakers still remained creatively autonomous. Given that people’s lives have become more affluent and stable and social unrest appeared at times, these filmmakers become bolder in their attempts and experiments with new forms of filming and emphasised on their own notions. Disillusionment occurred to them only when they found a discrepancy between what they could control and what they expect, when the world turned out to be not as wonderful as they imagined.