Of whales, the moon and men

(aka For Those Who Will Follow / The Moontrap / For the Ones to Come)

導演 Director:皮亞皮可 Pierre Perrault、米修布洛特 Michel Brault

加拿大 Canada | 1963 | 105分鐘 min | 黑白 B&W | DCP 法語對白,英文字幕 In French with English subtitles

29/7 (一 Mon) 7:30pm

Cinema, Hong Kong Film Archive

購票 Ticketing

上世紀六十年代真實/直接電影的建立不能只提美法英,而漏說了「加拿大」。皮亞皮可是魁北克直接電影的代表人物,江湖地位早在這部「榛樹島三部曲」首部曲時建立,更為首部入選康城影展之魁北克電影,成為經典。皮可未必效法佛拉哈迪的《北極奇觀》(1922),但他鼓勵榛樹島的島民「重操」約四十年前的捕鯨「故業」,實在很用心,要見證祖先直接落腳北美洲、不關英語人事的歷史。作為分離分子並介入生態,稍一不自覺就會表現出人定勝天的剛愎自用,然而皮可和布洛特的鏡頭保持順勢觀察,以詩意經營,藉爺爺輩份的Alexis Tremblay頭腦清醒的口述把持正確的視野,不容年輕一代否認捕鯨知識繼承自印第安原住民。今天看來,皮可不但重現流失中的傳統,還準確地為承受強大都市文明衝擊、卻不忘本的人的精神狀態立下寫照。

One cannot have a comprehensive discussion about the direct cinema or cinema vérité movement of the 1960s without mentioning Canada, alongside the US, France and the UK. A seminal figure of direct cinema, Canadian director Pierre Perrault has established his reputation in the genre as early as this first instalment of the L'Isle-aux-Coudres trilogy. The first Canadian film to screen at Cannes, this documentary may not be following the example of Robert Flaherty’s 1922 silent documentary Nanook of the North but Perrault’s convincing the islanders to recreate the recessed form of whale hunting is a deliberate move to demonstrate that his early ancestors’ setting foot on the continent had nothing to do with the history of the English-speaking people around them. As an advocate of the Separatist movement in Quebec and one whose works touch on ecological issues, Perrault counters the risk of displaying hubris with the utmost restraint. Pointing the lens always to observe, Perrault and co-director Michel Brault poetically managed to put the elder of the community, the clear-headed Alexis Tremblay in charge of setting the record straight, insisting that the younger generation acknowledge the fact that everything they know about Beluga whale hunting came from the indigenous American Indians. Today the film can be seen as Perrault’s representation of a dying tradition, and a truthful portraiture of the psychological condition of those experiencing the shock of urban civilisation while not forgetting where they came from.

Film of the Year, Canadian Film Awards 1964

Cannes Film Festival 1963 competition

No 7 of Top 10 Canadian Films of All Time, Toronto International Film Festival 1984

皮亞皮可 Pierre Perrault

生於1927年加拿大滿地可。曾於滿地可大學主修法律,其後在巴黎大學及多倫多大學繼續進修。皮亞皮可是魁北克重要的文學家,他的著作及詩歌包括Au cœur de la rose及Chouennes等。同時作為直接電影的先驅,他與米修布洛特合作的首部電影《捕鯨人之歌》(1963)是加拿大影史具標誌性的電影,譜出這小島捕鯨及捕鯨產業的輓歌,獲得1964加拿大電影獎年度最佳影片,並入圍1963 康城影展競賽單元,為首部魁北克電影有此殊榮。以此為首部曲,他再拍下「榛樹島三部曲」其餘兩部The Times That Are(1967)、The River Schooners(1968)。皮亞皮可以直接電影的風格,致力發掘魁北克省不同地方的民族及原住民文化,拍下不少珍貴的紀錄片。他於1999年逝世。  

Born in Montreal, Quebec in 1927. Graduated from University of Montreal and majoring in law, he furthered his study at Université de Paris and University of Toronto. Pierre Perrault was one of Quebec’s most significant literary figure, his writing includes Au cœur de la rose and Chouennes. As an pioneer of direct cinema, his first documentary film Of Whales the Moon and Men (1963), co-directed with Michel Brault, is a landmark in Canadian film. It won Film of the Year at Canadian Film Awards 1964 and was the ever first Quebecois film nominated at the Cannes Film Festival competition in 1963. He made two more films, The Times That Are (1967) and The River Schooners (1968), making up the L'Isle-aux-Coudres Trilogy. Pierre Perrault devoted himself to explore various Quebecois places and their ethnic culture by shooting a lot of precious documentaries in the style of direct cinema. He passed away in 1999.  

米修布洛特 Michel BRAULT

生於1928年加拿大滿地可。曾於滿地可大學修讀哲學。對於電影的興趣源自於與友人克勞德朱特拉在1948年共同製作短片電影Le Dément du lac Jean-Jeunes的經歷。大學時期已進入加拿大國家電影局工作,與皮亞皮可、Gilles Groulx等人拍攝紀錄片並推動「直接電影」。以電影攝影師的身份參與不少重要的魁北克電影工作,如《安東尼叔叔》(1971)及《好心放開我》(1980)。在1967年執導了個人第一部劇情長片電影Between Salt and Sweet Water(1967),其後以《命令》(1974)一作獲取了廣大的好評及多項獎項,包括1975康城影展最佳導演、1975加拿大電影奬最佳電影等。米修布洛特作為直接電影的代表人物,先後獲取了加拿大國家藝術委員會的莫里森獎(1980)、加拿大總督獎(1996)及魁北克勳章(2004)等殊榮。2013年因心臟病離世。  

Born in Montreal, Quebec in 1928. He studied philosophy at the University of Montreal. His interest in filmmaking was cultivated when he made a short film Le Dément du lac Jean-Jeunes with Claude Jutra in 1948. He worked in the National Film Board of Canada when he went to college. He shot documentaries with Pierre Perrault and Gilles Groulx and so on and develop direct cinema together. Before working in various films as a cinematographer, including My Uncle Antoine (1971)and Good Riddance (1980), he directed his first feature Between Salt and Sweet Water in 1967. He then directed Les Ordres (1974), the masterly film that earned him Best Director at the Cannes Film Festival 1975 and four Canadian Film Awards in 1975. For the whole of his works, Michel Brault became a leading figure of Direct Cinema and received the Victor-Morin Award (Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Montréal) in 1975, the Molson Award (Canada Arts Council) in 1980, the Governor-general's Award in 1996, and L’Ordre du Québec in 2004. He died of heart attack in 2013.