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有種電影節
FOOD & FARMING FILM FESTIVAL

 

 

節目時間表

Screening Schedule

 


 

稻米之歌

The Songs of Rice

 

 

苦澀的種子

Bitter Seeds

網站 Website : sangwoodgoon.wordpress.com

 

農業是一種人類的創造性活動,這活動上萬年以來持續改寫著地球的 生態物理面貌,以至於社群與社群、國家與國家之間的關係;更根本 的是,農業與農民不斷地滋養人類的生命和口腹。這種創造本身已是 一種表達方式,也需要其他如文學、舞蹈、電影等其他表達方式將之 整理、濃縮、傳播與昇華。

 

我們猶記得,幾年前看日本殿堂級紀錄片導演小川紳介窮十三年之功 力拍就的《牧野川千年物語》的震撼:一部拍攝歷史悠久農村的紀錄 片,既能扣連日本戰後現代化大論述的缺席視角,復能微觀地處理當 下村民百多兩百年前延續至今的原罪與心結。導演在悠悠的數百年歷 史時空中游走和探索,我們看見他的發現與思考,猶如我們看片時的 啟發與感動。

 

以至於許多或者更強於資訊性的紀錄片,如另一部永恒經典《food inc.》。它講述美國當代的食物系統,美國由大戰時期實施的農業補 貼如何造就了今天完全過量生產的粟米,而這些粟米又在食品科學專 家的實驗室裡,被抽取及重組成各式各樣副產品如添加劑及替代物, 以及當代美國的癡肥、糖尿病、高血壓等都市病與這些副產品的關係。

 

掛一當然漏萬,隨便舉兩例,想說明的是紀錄片不單是農業和農民的一種表達方式,它甚至是農業、農民和食物的一種運動方式,推動方式和組織方式——— 它是分析性和知性的,也是味覺的、嗅覺的,它甚 至是熱情和革命的。

 

生活館第一屆有種電影節的籌辦期間,恰巧就是我城雨傘革命佔領之時。在這個時候談全球六十億人口裡,農村人口近年終於被城市人口 超越,美國政府及跨國資本家如何透過債務和基改種子操控第三世界農民,似乎顯得絕對的不吃人間煙火。然而,似乎更不應該忘記的, 是香港現下幾乎百份百依賴外地食物供應、美國和中國正是香港最大 的食物進口國等基本事實。

 

香港的不民主,和更根本的無法自主,遠不止於欠了一張選特首或立 法會議員的選票,香港的不自主,在於在金鐘佔領區方圓就近的範圍 內,要麼就是麥記,要麼就是大家樂,這兩家快餐集團似乎不會因為 香港有普選而執笠,但相當能肯定的絕是因為雨傘革命,它們都大發 油水盆滿缽滿。

 

農業與食物運動的核心,是可持續、生態友善和自主。重新掌握可持 續的食物來源(和直面過程中可能面對的種種挑戰),就是民主運動 的基礎和必經之路。印度聖雄甘地說過,be the change you want to see in the world,英國殖民者就是因為英國工業革命令印度成為了綿布的 進口依賴國,所以提倡印度人重新操作起他她們的織布機,拒絕依賴 重掌命運。十九世紀古巴的民族獨立英雄兼詩人 Jose Marti 更加直白, 「一個不能生產食物供應自己的民族,就是奴隸」。很遙遠很抽象吧? 美國名廚 Alice Waters 解釋說,「若古諺說『你吃甚麼,你就是甚麼』, 吃快餐的你,不就是(資本家眼中的)又快又賤又隨便(fast, cheap and easy)麼?」

 

本年的電影節,是生活館務農四年以來首次舉辦的。學習農技、供應 食物不容易,我們正是在城市人回鄉學習耕種的路上,龜速前進。我 們也從我們自身的學習經驗,從前輩身上見到的功夫等,了解到有別 於「又快又賤又隨便」的可貴和意義。今年我們揀選了七部片,講不 上包羅萬有,但都是小規模、獨立電影人的熱情之作,都能觸及農業 與食物運動其中最重要的面向。

 

這是生活館的首屆,由於人手、時機等因素,肯定錯漏百出招呼不周。 我們期待有更多色香味俱全的活動,這恐怕要待明年下一屆了。我們 認為,現存的世界肯定不是最完美的世界,不存在的事物並不必然因 其不應該存在——— 試想香港蔬菜有超過百份之九十八是進口貨便不難 明白。土壤沒養份,不一定要以進口貨替代以至移民他去,另一進路 可能是花點時間和精力,將泥土養好,讓諸多物種儘其天職,生死循 環恢復泥土的養份。在香港這城市抄這條並不「又快又賤又隨便」的 路,所謂「有種」,此之謂也。

 

來來來,來看片、思考、交流,撒下種子,讓果實給我們驚喜。

 

生活館仝人

2014 年 11 月

 

 

Farming is an innovative human activity, which has been changing the biological and physical features of the Earth. Its influence even goes further to affect relationships between communities and countries. More fundamentally, agriculture and farmers have been nurturing human lives and satisfying our appetite. Farming in itself is a form of expression, while other ways of expression, like literature, dance, film and so on, are required to organize, condense, promote and glorify this innovative activity.

 

We still remember the shock we got after watching Magino Village – A Tale which Shinsuke Ogawa, a prominent Japanese documentary film director, devoted thirteen years of effort to complete. It is a documentary about a historic agricultural village. Macro-cosmically it supplements an absent perspective of village life to the post-war modernization discourse in Japan, while microcosmically it deals with the ancestral sins and hearty knots that had been passed down in generations of villagers for more than a century. The director traveled and explored in historical path of hundreds of years, we can see his discovery and pondering in resemblance of the inspiration and sensation we inherit from the film.

 

The timeless classic, Food Inc., belongs to one of the more informative documentaries. It launches a discussion on the contemporary American food system. The film explores how the United States' agricultural subsidies granted since the Second World War has resulted in today's excessive production of corn; how do those food scientists extract corns and reconstruct them into various by-products, like additives and substitutes in their laboratories, and the relationship between these by-products and the common urban diseases in the States, such as obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure.

 

These are just two random examples among the fruitful amount of documentaries to show that documentary is not solely a way of expression for the peasantry. Nevertheless documentary serves a purpose of movement, of avocation and of organization – it is analytical and intellectual, at the same time sensational and even full of passion and of revolutionary character.

 

Umbrella Revolution of our city happened just in the midst of the preparation of our first Food and Farming Film Festival. It may seem too otherworldly to address that in recent years urban population has finally surpassed rural population; or to talk about how the US government together with transnational entrepreneurs, made use of loans and GM seeds to control the Third World's farmers. However, we shouldn't forget that Hong Kong indeed almost relies entirely on imports for food supply, while the US and China are precisely our biggest food suppliers.

 

The absence of democracy in Hong Kong and the more fundamental incapability of self-rule are not solely caused by the inaccessibility of a ballot ticket of either the chief executive or the legislative council members. The inability of self-governance is due to the fact that in the closest area around the occupied site in Admiralty, only either McDonalds or Café de Coral can be found. These two chain-franchises will unlikely to close down even if there is universal suffrage in the city, but they surely earned loads of money from the protestors.

 

The core values of agricultural and food movements are sustainability, environmentally-friendly and self-reliance. Re-mastering and self-supporting anew a sustainable food supply (and facing all kinds of obstacles in the process) is indeed the fundamental and essential in the passage to democracy. Indian Mahatama Gandhi once said: Be the change you want to see in the world. The British colonists turned India into an import-dependent country for cotton, thus Gandhi advocated Indians to pick up their looms once again, so to reject dependence and to put their lives in their own hands again. The 19th century Cuban Independent hero and poet Jose Marti is even more straight-forward to address that: A people that do not produce their own food are slaves. Isn't it still too abstract and distant from us? Famous American chef Alice Waters explained: If you are what you eat, for those who are eating fast-food, aren't you becoming fast, cheap and easy (as in the eyes of the capitalists)?

 

This film festival is the first held in the four years of Sangwoodgoon's farming practice. Learning farming techniques and supplying food is not easy, but we, the urbanites are slowly progressing on our retracing back to the rural and farming life. From our own experience, we as well saw the efforts sowed by our predecessors, and understood values and meanings other than "fast, cheap and easy". This year we have selected seven films, they might not be of a wide range, but all of them are enthusiastic productions of small-scale and independent filmmakers. Besides, all of these works touch upon important perspectives of farming and food movement.

 

As this is our first film festival, in addition to staffing, timing and other factors, it surely will be flawed and may not encounter all the needs of our honorable guests. We are expecting more exquisite events to come the next year. We perceive that the existing world is not the most desirable one, things do not exist not because they should not exist: try to think about that in Hong Kong 98% of the vegetables consumed is imported, then the idea wouldn't be hard to grasp. Even if our soil is infertile, it's not necessary to import or even to immigrate. On the other way round, we can put more time and effort to fertilize our soil, let different species do their duty and the cycle of life and death nurtures the land. In a city like Hong Kong, not taking the "fast, cheap and easy" shortcut like sowing the seeds is also sowing the seeds of bravery.

 

Come! Come to watch films, to ponder, to exchange, to sow the seed and to let the fruitful outcome surprise us.

 

Sangwoodgoon

November 2014

 

 

 
 
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