舒適與冷漠
Comfort and Indifference
導演 Director:丹尼阿肯 Denys Arcand

加拿大 Canada | 1982 | 109 分鐘 min | 彩色 Colour | DCP 法語、英語對白,英文字幕 In French, English with English subtitles

3/8 (六 Sat) 2:30pm

香港藝術中心古天樂電影院
Louis Koo Cinema, Hong Kong Arts Centre

購票 Ticketing

是否脫離加拿大獨立自治,魁北克人幾乎分裂為「說好」與「說不」兩個陣營,公投前一年內熱血地討論,無日無之。丹尼阿肯大量考察新聞片及走訪民間拍攝紀錄,以藝術家的獨立心靈冷靜檢視後,終在苟且圖安與無動於衷之間劃上等號。這齣紀錄片一開始就有一個演員,他飾演翻生馬基雅維利,以佛羅倫斯共和國第二秘書廳秘書長的身份,居高臨下俯望魁北克,並以法語讀出《君王論》及《李維論》的要點。阿肯這個招魂行動,實在是印證1980年魁北克省這次歷史性的公投,是一次權謀者迷惑、擺佈公眾的現代政治實踐,從政客的語言偽術,瞄準魁北克人對外在環境因素的不安並加之利用,到娛樂化的民主辯論、簡化的數據分析,影片如導航般展現「說不」者的自我感覺良好。

It was a matter of yes or no for Quebecois facing the independence referendum in 1980. In the year leading to this pivotal vote, the public engaged in what seemed to be endless and passionate discourse. Filmmaker Denys Arcand utilizes a huge amount of news footage and interviewed concerned citizens in an attempt to analyze this historic moment from an artist’s independent perspective. The documentary opens with an actor in the role of Machiavelli, who is transported from the Florentine Republic of the Renaissance period to a high-rise in 1980s Quebec. With Machiavelli reading (in French) straight from The Prince and The Discourses on Livy, the director is making a statement on the mechanisms responsible for the results of the historic referendum in 1980. The politicians’ use of deceit to manipulate Quebecois’ malaise, democratic debates turning into entertainment, and the oversimplification of statistical analyses are presented by the film as contributing factors to the people’s comfort and indifference.

丹尼阿肯 Denys ARCAND

生於1941年,加拿大魁北克籍。曾於滿地可大學修讀歷史。六十年代開始為加拿大國家電影局攝製歷史記錄短片。1970年的第一部紀錄長片《棉花》以魁北克紡織工人的工會鬥爭活動為題材,被當局禁映了六年。其後數年內拍了三部劇情片,包括《臭銅板》(1971)、《巴當維尼》(1973)及《珍納》(1974)。七十年代中期,轉入電視台,工作了十多年。重拍電視後作品有:《美利堅帝國的衰亡》(1986)、《滿地可耶穌》(1989)。丹尼.阿肯電影作品中對政治進程不掩飾的冷嘲熱諷一直受業界肯定,其中《舒適與冷漠》(1982)獲得了魁北克評論家獎,而《美利堅帝國的衰亡》(1986)及《滿地可耶穌》(1989)除橫掃加拿大金尼獎外,更分別獲得1986康城影展國際影評人盟獎及1989評審團大獎,更入圍當年奧斯卡最佳外語片。他最後憑《老豆堅過美利堅》(2003)抱走2004奧斯卡最佳外語片。近作為《美利堅係咁先》(2019)。  

Was born in Deschambault, Quebec in 1941. While studying history at the University of Montreal, he co-produced Seul ou avec d’autres (1962). He joined the National Film Board from 1963-68 and directed 5 documentaries, including Treadmill (1969) and Cotton Mill (1970), a socio-political documentary on the textile industry which was banned for six years. His other major works include Dirty Money (1971), Réjeanne Padovani (1973), Gina (1974), La lutte des travailleurs d’hopitaux (1975), Duplessis (TV series, 1976), Comfort and Indifference (1982), Le crime d’ovide plouffe (1984), The Decline of the American Empire (1986), and Jesus of Montreal (1989). His cynicism on the course of politics in his films was recognized worldwide. He won the Québec Critics Prize with Comfort and Indifference (1981). Apart from winning major awards at the Genie Awards, The Decline of the American Empire and Jesus of Montreal won FIPRESCI Awards and Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival in 1986 and 1989 respectively and both nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the Academy Awards then. He finally won the Academy Awards with The Barbarian Invasions (2003). His most recent work is The Fall of the Amercian Empire (2019).