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獨立焦點:捷克電影新浪潮
Indie focus:Czech New Wave

嚴密監視的列車
Closely Watched Trains

16/5(日Sun) 7:30pm

香港藝術中心古天樂電影院
Louis Koo Cinema, Hong Kong Arts Centre

購票 Ticketing
導演 Director
伊里.曼素 JiRí Menzel
捷克 Czech|1966|92分鐘min|黑白B&W
捷克語對白,英文字幕 In Czech with English subtitles

故事發生在二戰時被納粹佔領的捷克小鎮火車站,一個被性無能困擾的新紮火車調度員、一個沉溺温柔鄉的車站協調員、一個心癢難耐的偽善站長,在戰火當前,眾人忘記現實殘酷,夢牽魂縈都是性。沒有色欲倫落,只有安靜幽默,穿透小人物的無際幻想和欲望,壓迫日常的大政治背景秘而不喧悄悄閃現。本無心懷衛國之志的火車調度員米洛斯,如何脫胎成抗爭英雄「真男人」?導演伊利.曼素最受稱譽也廣為國際所識之作,以安靜詩意的日常製造隱約可聞的畫外音,那就是小人物身處殘暴絕境的無聲凝視和悲劇抵抗。

Set in a Nazi-occupied Czechoslovak town, a young train station apprentice is troubled by his inability to perform sexually. His older colleagues—a womanizing train dispatcher and a jaded stationmaster—are barely qualified to give him any advise. Even as the prospect of war looms large, these characters seem to have forgotten the impending doom as they indulge in fantasies of sensual pleasure. A sly comedy filled with poignant observations, Closely Watched Trains gives viewers a glimpse of the common people’s daily malaise in the cusp of a historic turning point. How could a sex-obsessed simpleton transform into a resistance hero? Filmmaker Jiří Menzel’s most acclaimed film is one of Czech New Wave’s masterpieces—a tragicomedy about the resistance of ordinary folks in the darkest hour.

導演介紹 Director Biography
伊里.曼素 JiRí Menzel

1938年於布拉格出生,2020年因感染新冠肺炎於同地逝世。與其他新浪潮導演一樣畢業於捷克電影電視學院(FAMU),拍攝首作Pearls of the Deep(1965)中的短片 《巴泰沙之死》前曾擔任同窗齊媞洛娃之助手。執導勇奪奧斯卡最佳外語片的《嚴密監視的列車》(1966)時年僅27歲。其後在《夏日狂想曲》(1967)和《罪惡夜總會》(1968)繼續透過荒誕幽默反映黑暗現實。69年的 《繩上的雲雀》雖被官方列為禁片,但極權倒台後重新上映,最終榮獲1990年柏林影展金熊獎。曼素擅於改編文學作品,曾六次將捷克著名作家赫拉巴爾的作品搬上大銀幕,更多次與他本人合作。電影創作以外,曼素不但活躍於劇場,亦曾參與大大小小的影視演出。

Jiří Menzel was born in 1938, in Prague, and passed away in his hometown in 2020 due to COVID-19. Along with his other peers from the Czech New Wave, he too, was educated at FAMU. Before making his directorial debut in 1965 with his episode in Pearls of the Deep (1965), he assisted the production of his schoolmate, Chytilová’s Something Different in 1963. Closely Watched Trains (1966), which won him the Best Foreign Language Film at the Academy Awards, was his first feature and was completed when he was merely 27 years old. His subsequent works, Capricious Summer (1968) and Crime in the Night Club (1968) are also acknowledged as the classics of the New Wave Movement for his clever interplay between subversive humour and social critiques. Although Larks on a String (1969) was banned by the authorities immediately, it was at last released after the fall of communism and was awarded the Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival 20 years later. As a director, Menzel is known for his deftness in literature adaptation. He has frequently collaborated with Czech writer Bohumil Hrabal and adapted his works for 6 times in his life. Aside from cinematic productions, he also led a fruitful career in the theatrical industry, as well as devoting himself to acting and teaching.