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獨立視野

Indie Vision -
拉烏爾.派克

Raoul Peck


 

盧蒙巴 LUMUMBA

 

 

盧蒙巴,先知之死

LUMUMBA, LA MORT DU PROHETE

   

拉烏爾 . 派克 Rauol Peck

 

拉烏爾.派克生於一九五三年,在海地的太子港出生。八歲那年,他舉家搬到剛果共和國的首都利奧波德維爾。當時比利時人逐漸離開,他的父親H.B. Peck受邀擔任農業教授,母親則成為當地市長的秘書。

 

他曾在利奧波德維爾及美國唸書,在法國取得學士學位之後,又到德國唸書工業工程及經濟。在紐約當過的士司機,在八零年搖身一變成為記者和攝影師 。一九八八年,他終於在西柏林取得電影學位,

 

派克最初的作品,大多是實驗短片和社會紀錄片,之後才轉拍劇情片。他的其中一部劇情片,《岸邊的人》,是首部在美國影院播放的海地電影,並獲一九九三年的夏納電影節提名。最受國際社會關注的,是這次電影節放映的兩部《盧蒙巴》。 從他的作品清單可見,雖然他在發達國家接受教育,可是始終沒忘記屬於第三世界的出生地及成長地。相信是這種關注弱勢的人文精神,讓他屢次奪得人權觀察的獎項。

 

在沸沸揚揚的政治氣候底下,領袖容易見風駛帆,操作民粹繼或是被民粹操作,又或隨著進入權力核心而忘記初衷,變成講務實談妥協的既得利益者。希望與團結,還是建基於信念與願景。望以下兩部《盧蒙巴》作品中的主角,能夠為我城我地帶來啟示。

 

 

 Rauol Peck was born in Port-au-Prince in Haiti on 1953. At age 8, he and his mother moved to Léopoldville, Democratic Republic of the Congo to join his father. H.B. Peck, who had already taken a job there as professor of agriculture invited by the government to fill positions recently vacated by the departing Belgians. His mother then became secretary to mayors of Léopoldville.

 

Peck studies in Léopoldville and America, after he earned a baccalaureate in France, he then went to German to study industrial engineering and economics. He spent a year as a New York City taxi driver and worked as a journalist and photographer in 1980. On 1988, he finally attended and received a film in West Berlin.

 

Peck initially developed short experimental works and socio-political documentaries, before moving on to feature films. One of his features “The Man by the Shore” was the first Haitian film to be released in theatres in the United States. It was also selected for competition at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival. He has achieved his highest degree of international public attention for “Lumumba”, which will be included in our film festival. From the list of his artworks, we can see that although he was educated in developed countries, he never forgot the third world places where he was born and grew. It is believed that his attention to vulnerable, which embodies his humanity spirit, let him win the prize given by the Human Right Watch every now and then.

 

In a stirring political atmosphere, some leaders tend to sit on the fence and hedge their bets, manipulating or being manipulated by populism. Some may forget their beliefs while they are getting closer to the center of power, turning into a vested interest holder and talking about pragmatism and compromise. Hope and unity base on beliefs and visions. Hopefully the protagonist Lumumba in these two films can bring us insights for our city.

 

關於盧蒙巴About LUMUMBA


 盧蒙巴於一九二五年七月二日在剛果的開賽省桑庫魯縣出世。他出生農家,中學畢業後在郵局工作,也做過賣啤酒的知客。一九五五年他當選為非洲僱員聯合會東方省分會主席。一九五八年,他協助創建了剛果第一個全國性政黨──剛果民族運動。

 

在剛果獨立日, 比利時國王博杜安在演辭中粉飾殖民時期的暴行,勸勉剛果人民不要以輕率改革,不要改變比利時建立的格局。在一片和諧的氣氛下,身為民選政府總理的盧蒙巴擅自拿起米高峰慷慨陳詞,指出獨立不是比利時政府所施予,而是經過剛果人民日復日的奮鬥爭取。一石激起千重浪,這場演講不但象徵盧蒙巴政治生涯的高峰,亦是比利時政府組織刺殺的導火線。

 

他就這麼一個鐵錚錚的人,畢生致力促使族群團結,使得剛果民族運動的聲勢日漸壯大。他所追求的獨立,不是為了服務剛果精英和資產階級而建立的假獨立新殖民,而是為了全體人民福祉的徹底脫殖,發展國家經濟。
        

On the independence day of Congo, the King of Belgian Baudouin whitewashed the tyranny of the Belgium government during the colonial period in his speech. He appealed to the Congolese people not to make hasty reforms and not to change the status quo built up by the Belgians. In this seemingly harmonious atmosphere, Lumumba, attending the ceremony as the prime minister of Congo, suddenly gave a righteous speech without any permissions. He pointed out that the independence of Congo was not a free gift by the Belgium government. It was acquired by day-to-day fight of Congolese people. A tossed stone raises a thousand ripples. This speech did not only symbolize the peak of Lumumba’s political life, but also foreshadowed the assassination organized by the Belgium government.

 

He is such a staunch man. In his whole life, he had been promoting ethnic unity, enlarging the Congolese national movement. The “independence” he strived for was not to serve the elite and bourgeoisie, which is just a form of neo-colonization. The one he pursued was for the well-being of all Congolese people, a process of complete decolonization and giving way to national economy.