拉烏爾 . 派克 Rauol Peck
Rauol Peck was born in Port-au-Prince in Haiti on 1953. At age 8, he and his mother moved to Léopoldville, Democratic Republic of the Congo to join his father. H.B. Peck, who had already taken a job there as professor of agriculture invited by the government to fill positions recently vacated by the departing Belgians. His mother then became secretary to mayors of Léopoldville.
Peck studies in Léopoldville and America, after he earned a baccalaureate in France, he then went to German to study industrial engineering and economics. He spent a year as a New York City taxi driver and worked as a journalist and photographer in 1980. On 1988, he finally attended and received a film in West Berlin.
Peck initially developed short experimental works and socio-political documentaries, before moving on to feature films. One of his features “The Man by the Shore” was the first Haitian film to be released in theatres in the United States. It was also selected for competition at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival. He has achieved his highest degree of international public attention for “Lumumba”, which will be included in our film festival. From the list of his artworks, we can see that although he was educated in developed countries, he never forgot the third world places where he was born and grew. It is believed that his attention to vulnerable, which embodies his humanity spirit, let him win the prize given by the Human Right Watch every now and then.
In a stirring political atmosphere, some leaders tend to sit on the fence and hedge their bets, manipulating or being manipulated by populism. Some may forget their beliefs while they are getting closer to the center of power, turning into a vested interest holder and talking about pragmatism and compromise. Hope and unity base on beliefs and visions. Hopefully the protagonist Lumumba in these two films can bring us insights for our city.
On the independence day of Congo, the King of Belgian Baudouin whitewashed the tyranny of the Belgium government during the colonial period in his speech. He appealed to the Congolese people not to make hasty reforms and not to change the status quo built up by the Belgians. In this seemingly harmonious atmosphere, Lumumba, attending the ceremony as the prime minister of Congo, suddenly gave a righteous speech without any permissions. He pointed out that the independence of Congo was not a free gift by the Belgium government. It was acquired by day-to-day fight of Congolese people. A tossed stone raises a thousand ripples. This speech did not only symbolize the peak of Lumumba’s political life, but also foreshadowed the assassination organized by the Belgium government.
He is such a staunch man. In his whole life, he had been promoting ethnic unity, enlarging the Congolese national movement. The “independence” he strived for was not to serve the elite and bourgeoisie, which is just a form of neo-colonization. The one he pursued was for the well-being of all Congolese people, a process of complete decolonization and giving way to national economy.